Micromechanics investigation of expansive reactions in chemoelastic concrete

  • Lemarchand E
  • Dormieux L
  • Ulm F
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Abstract

Expansive reactions damage porous materials through the formation of reaction products of a volume in excess of the available space left by the reactants and the natural porosity of the material. This leads to pressurizing the pore space accessible to the reaction products, which differs when the chemical reaction is through-solution or topochemical or both in nature. This paper investigates expansive reactions from a micromechanical point of view, which allows bridging the scale from the local chemo-mechanical mechanisms to the macroscopically observable stress-free expansion. In particular, the study of the effect of morphology of the pore space, in which the chemical expansion occurs locally, on the macroscopically observable expansion is the main focus of this paper. The first part revisits the through-solution and the topochemical reaction mechanism within the framework of micro-macro-homogenization theories, and the effect of the microscopic geometry of pores and microcracks in the solid matrix on the macroscopic chemical expansion is examined. The second part deals with the transition from a topochemical to a through-solution-like mechanism that occurs in a solid matrix with inclusions (cracks, pores) of different morphology.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Chemoporomechanics
  • Concrete
  • Expansive reactions
  • Micromechanics
  • Through-solution mechanism
  • Topochemical reactions

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Authors

  • Eric Lemarchand

  • Luc Dormieux

  • Franz Josef Ulm

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