Sedimentary ・15N records from the oligotrophic western equatorial Pacific (WEP) off Mindanao show that late Holocene sedimentary ・15N is substantially lower than that of the early Holocene, following a gradual >3 ‰ decrease that occurred between 7 and 3 kyrs ago. Analyses of modern day nitrate isotope profiles from the same region indicate the sensitivity of the WEP N pools towards (1) the advection of 15N-enriched nitrate from the Eastern Equatorial Pacific (EEP) by the North Equatorial Current (NEC) and the Mindanao Current in subsurface waters and, (2) at shallow depths, the input of new and 15N-depleted nitrate through N2 fixation. We suggest that the Holocene decrease in sedimentary δ 15N reflects a diminished relative input of 15N-enriched nitrate to the surface biota, either through an increase of regional nitrogen fixation, a change in nitrate consumption along the advective path of nitrate supply, or a decrease in the vertical supply of 15N-enriched nitrate from the NEC. The latter mechanism is consistent with a Holocene deepening of the WEP nitracline/thermocline.
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