Mindfulness-based relapse prevention (MBRP) is an intervention for persons recovering from addiction which integrates mindfulness practices and cognitive and behavioral- based relapse prevention techniques, with the goal of helping individuals avoid a return to substance use. MBRP has shown promise in reducing relapse rates among individuals recover- ing from substance use disorders, but literature examining the effectiveness and mechanisms of action ofMBRP is still rather limited. The current paper is a theoretical review of the devel- opment of MBRP and research evidence supporting the effec- tiveness of this intervention. Proposed psychological and phys- iological mechanisms of action of MBRP and directions for future research are also examined with a specific focus on treating individuals recovering from alcohol use disorders.
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