In permanent magnet (PM) synchronous machines, iron losses form a larger portion of the total losses than in induction machines. This is partly due to the elimination of significant rotor loss in PM machines and partly due to the nonsinusoidal flux density waveforms in the stator core of PM machines. Therefore, minimization of iron losses is of particular importance in PM motor design. This paper considers the minimizing of iron losses of PM synchronous machines through the proper design of magnets and slots, and through the choice of the number of poles. Both time-stepped finite element method (FEM) and the iron loss model from a previous study are used in this paper to draw the conclusions.
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