A thermodynamic model describing relative stability of different shapes for nanoparticles as a function of their size was developed for arbitrary crystalline solids and applied to group IV semiconductors. The model makes use of various surface, edge and corner energies, and takes into account surface tension. Approximations and importance of each term of the model were analyzed. The predictions for clean and hydrogenated diamond nanoparticles are compared to explicitly calculated density functional results. It is shown that diamond nanocrystal morphology is markedly different from silicon and germanium.
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