Skip to content
Journal article

Model testing for reliability and validity of the Outcome Expectations for Exercise Scale

Resnick B, Zimmerman S, Orwig D, Furstenberg A, Magaziner J ...see all

Nurs Res, vol. 50, issue 5 (2001) pp. 293-299

  • 1


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • N/A


    Citations of this article.
  • N/A


    ScienceDirect users who have downloaded this article.
Sign in to save reference


BACKGROUND: Development of a reliable and valid measure of outcome expectations for exercise appropriate for older adults will help establish the relationship between outcome expectations and exercise. Once established, this measure can be used to facilitate the development of interventions to strengthen outcome expectations and improve adherence to regular exercise in older adults. OBJECTIVES: Building on initial psychometrics of the Outcome Expectation for Exercise (OEE) Scale, the purpose of the current study was to use structural equation modeling to provide additional support for the reliability and validity of this measure. METHODS: The OEE scale is a 9-item measure specifically focusing on the perceived consequences of exercise for older adults. The OEE scale was given to 191 residents in a continuing care retirement community. The mean age of the participants was 85 +/- 6.1 and the majority were female (76%), White (99%), and unmarried (76%). Using structural equation modeling, reliability was based on R2 values, and validity was based on a confirmatory factor analysis and path coefficients. RESULTS: There was continued evidence for reliability of the OEE based on R2 values ranging from .42 to .77, and validity with path coefficients ranging from .69 to .87, and evidence of model fit (X2 of 69, df = 27, p < .05, NFI = .98, RMSEA = .07). CONCLUSION: The evidence of reliability and validity of this measure has important implications for clinical work and research. The OEE scale can be used to identify older adults who have low outcome expectations for exercise, and interventions can then be implemented to strengthen these expectations and thereby improve exercise behavior.

Author-supplied keywords

  • *Attitude to Health
  • *Models, Statistical
  • *Treatment Outcome
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Exercise Therapy/*standards
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Female
  • Geriatric Assessment
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Likelihood Functions
  • Male
  • Nursing Assessment/*methods/standards
  • Nursing Evaluation Research
  • Psychometrics
  • Questionnaires/*standards

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document


  • B Resnick

  • S Zimmerman

  • D Orwig

  • A L Furstenberg

  • J Magaziner

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below