Modeling physiological processes in plankton on enzyme kinetic principles

  • Packard T
  • Blasco D
  • Estrada M
  • 35

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Abstract

Many ecologically important chemical transformations in the ocean are controlled by biochemical enzyme reactions in plankton. Nitrogenase regulates the transformation of N-2 to ammonium in some cyanobacteria and serves as the entryway for N-2 into the ocean biosphere. Nitrate reductase controls the reduction of NO3 to NO2 and hence new production in phytoplankton. The respiratory electron transfer system in all organisms links the carbon oxidation reactions of intermediary metabolism with the reduction of oxygen in respiration. Rubisco controls the fixation of CO2 into organic matter in phytoplankton and thus is the major entry point of carbon into the oceanic biosphere. In addition to these, there are the enzymes that control CO2 production, NH4 excretion and the fluxes of phosphate. Some of these enzymes have been recognized and researched by marine scientists in the last thirty years. However, until recently the kinetic principles of enzyme control have not been exploited to formulate accurate mathematical equations of the controlling physiological expressions. Were such expressions available they would increase our power to predict the rates of chemical transformations in the extracellular environment of microbial populations whether this extracellular environment is culture media or the ocean. Here we formulate from the principles of bisubstrate enzyme kinetics, mathematical expressions for the processes of NO3 reduction, O-2 consumption, N-2 fixation, total nitrogen uptake,

Author-supplied keywords

  • a amonio en algunas
  • allometry
  • basados en principios de
  • bioquímicas enzimáticas en el
  • cianobacterias
  • cinética enzimática
  • desde el punto de
  • el océano
  • electron transport
  • en
  • ets
  • fisiológicos en el plancton
  • glutamine synthase
  • la nitrogenasa regula la
  • m odelado de procesos
  • muchas transformaciones químicas importantes
  • nitrate reductase
  • nitrogen fixation
  • nitrogenase
  • plancton
  • por reacciones
  • resumen
  • transformación de n 2
  • vista ecológico son controladas

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Authors

  • T. T. Packard

  • Dolors Blasco

  • Marta Estrada

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