Originally presented at the 1st IWA/WEF Wastewater Treatment Modelling Seminar (WWTmod 2008), this contribution has been updated to also include the valuable feedback that was received during the Modelling Seminar. This paper addresses a number of basic issues concerning the modelling of nitrite in key processes involved in biological wastewater water treatment. To this end, we review different model concepts (together with model structures and corresponding parameter sets) proposed for processes such as two-step nitrification/denitrification, anaerobic ammonium oxidation and phosphorus uptake processes. After critically discussing these models with respect to their assumptions and parameter sets, common points of agreement as well as disagreement were elucidated. From this discussion a general picture of the state-of-the-art in the modelling of nitrite is provided. Taking this into account, a number of recommendations are provided to focus further research and development on nitrite modelling in biological wastewater treatment.
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