Modifiable risk factors for acute lower respiratory tract infections

  • Savitha M
  • Nandeeshwara S
  • Pradeep Kumar M
 et al. 
  • 1


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • N/A


    Citations of this article.


OBJECTIVE: Acute respiratory infection is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in under five children in developing countries. Hence, the present study was undertaken to identify various modifiable risk factors for acute lower respiratory tract infections (ALRI) in children aged 1 mth to 5 yr. METHODS: 104 ALRI cases fulfilling WHO criteria for pneumonia, in the age group of 1 mth to 5 yr were interrogated for potential modifiable risk factors as per a predesigned proforma. 104 healthy control children in the same age group were also interrogated. RESULTS: The significant sociodemographic risk factors were parental illiteracy, low socioeconomic status, overcrowding and partial immunization, [p value < 0.05 in all]. Significant nutritional risk factors were administration of prelacteal feeds, early weaning, anemia, rickets and malnutrition, [p value < 0.05 in all]. Significant environmental risk factors were use of kerosene lamps, biomass fuel pollution and lack of ventilation [p value < 0.05 in all]. On logistic regression analysis, partial immunization, overcrowding and malnutrition were found to be significant risk factors. CONCLUSION: The present study has identified various socio-demographic, nutritional and environmental modifiable risk factors for ALRI which can be tackled by effective education of the community and appropriate initiatives taken by the government

Author-supplied keywords

  • Acute Disease
  • Aged
  • Anemia
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Child,Preschool
  • Developing Countries
  • Educational Status
  • Housing
  • Humans
  • Immunization
  • India
  • Infant
  • Logistic Models
  • Morbidity
  • Pediatrics
  • Pneumonia
  • Regression Analysis
  • Respiratory Tract Infections
  • Risk Factors
  • Social Class
  • analysis
  • education
  • epidemiology
  • methods
  • mortality

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

  • PMID: 17526960


  • M R Savitha

  • S B Nandeeshwara

  • M J Pradeep Kumar

  • F ul-Haque

  • C K Raju

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free