Molecular Basis of Aberrant Apical Protein Transport in an Intestinal Enzyme Disorder

  • Spodsberg N
  • Jacob R
  • Alfalah M
 et al. 
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Abstract

The impaired sorting profile to the apical membrane of human intestinal sucrase-isomaltase is the underlying cause in the pathogenesis of a novel phenotype of intestinal congenital sucrase-isomaltase deficiency. Molecular characterization of this novel phenotype reveals a point mutation in the coding region of the sucrase-isomaltase (SI) gene that results in an amino acid substitution of a glutamine by arginine at residue 117 of the isomaltase subunit. This substitution is located in a domain revealing features of a trefoil motif or a P-domain in immediate vicinity of the heavily O-glycosylated stalk domain. Expression of the mutant SI phenotype in epithelial Madin-Darby canine kidney cells reveals a randomly targeted SI protein to the apical and basolateral membranes confirming an exclusive role of the Q117R mutation in generating this phenotype. Unlike wild type SI, the mutant protein is completely extractable with Triton X-100 despite the presence of O-glycans that serve in the wild type protein as an apical sorting signal and are required for the association of SI with detergent-insoluble lipid microdomains. Obviously the O-glycans are not adequately recognized in the context of the mutant SI, most likely due to altered folding of the P-domain that ultimately affects the access of the O-glycans to a putative sorting element.

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