Vanadium-dependent haloperoxidases belong to a class of vanadium enzymes that may have potential industrial and pharmaceutical applications due to their high stability. In this study, the 50-flanking genomic sequence and complete reading frame encoding vanadium-dependent bromoperoxidase (GcVBPO1) was cloned from the red seaweed, Fracilaria changii, and the recombinant protein was biochemically characterized. The deduced amino acid sequence of GcVBPO1 is 1818 nucleotides in length, sharing 49% identity with the vanadium-dependent bromoperoxidases from Corralina officinalis and Cor. pilulifera, respectively. The amino acid residues associated with the binding site of vanadate cofactor were found to be conserved. The Kmvalue of recombinant GcVBPO1 for Br-was 4.69 mM, while its Vmaxwas 10.61 μkat mg-1at pH 7. Substitution of Arg379with His379in the recombinant protein caused a lower affinity for Br-, while substitution of Arg379with Phe379not only increased its affinity for Br-but also enabled the mutant enzyme to oxidize Cl-. The mutant Arg379Phe was also found to have a lower affinity for I-, as compared to the wild-type GcVBPO1 and mutant Arg379His. In addition, the Arg379Phe mutant has a slightly higher affinity for H2O2compared to the wild-type GcVBPO1. Multiple cis-acting regulatory elements associated with light response, hormone signaling, and meristem expression were detected at the 50-flanking genomic sequence of GcVBPO1. The transcript abundance of GcVBPO1 was relatively higher in seaweed samples treated with 50 parts per thousand (ppt) artificial seawater (ASW) compared to those treated in 10 and 30 ppt ASW, in support of its role in the abiotic stress response of seaweed. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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