Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of carnobacteriocin B2 (CbnB2), a structurally well-characterized class IIa bacteriocin, and its immunity protein (ImB2) in lipid bilayer environment have been conducted to explore the interaction between them. Six 30-ns simulations were conducted in DPPC or POPG bilayer systems. In these simulations, ImB2 was placed in the aqueous layer with different orientations facing CbnB2 to sample all the faces of ImB2. The MD results indicate that (i) while CbnB2 remained embedded in the bilayer, it tends to move toward the interface, and (ii) the presence of CbnB2 in the DPPC bilayer attracts ImB2 toward the bilayer. In one of the orientations in DPPC bilayer system (simulation 1), ImB2 penetrates the bilayer and interacts with CbnB2 by ion-pair interaction. At several instances toward the later half of the simulation (15-30 ns), ImB2 and CbnB2 were found to form salt-bridge between Arg95 of ImB2 and Glu24 of CbnB2. Simulation in POPG bilayer displayed strong interaction between the positively charged ImB2 and the negatively charged polar head groups of the POPG molecules at the lipid-water interface. However, ImB2 was not able to penetrate the bilayer thereby preventing any interaction between ImB2 and CbnB2. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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