The genes coding for two PII-like proteins, GlnB and GlnK, which play key roles in repressing the nitrogenase expression in the presence of ammonium ion, were interrupted from the chromosome of Rhodobacter sphaeroides. The glnB-glnK mutant exhibits the less ammonium ion-mediated repression for nitrogenase compared with its parental strain, which results in more H2accumulation by the mutant under the conditions. Rhodospirillum rubrum produces H2by both nitrogenase and hydrogenase. R. rubrum containing the recombinant pRK415 with an insert of hydC coding for its own Fe-only hydrogenase showed twofold higher accumulation of H2in the presence of pyruvate under photoheterotrophic conditions, which was not observed in the absence of pyruvate. The same was true with R. rubrum containing the recombinant pRK415 cloned with hydA coding for Fe-only hydrogenase of Clostridium acetobutylicum. Thus, Fe-only hydrogenase requires pyruvate as an electron donor for the production of H2. © 2007 International Association for Hydrogen Energy.
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