Mood-congruent free recall bias in anxiety

  • Russo R
  • Fox E
  • Bellinger L
 et al. 
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Abstract

The present study evaluated the status of mood-congruent free recall bias in anxious individuals following incidental encoding of target words. In the first experiment, high trait anxiety individuals showed increased recall of threat-related information after an orienting task promoting lexical processing of target words. In a second experiment, both lexical and semantic orienting tasks were performed at study. In this experiment, anxious individuals displayed a mood-congruent recall bias only for target information processed at a lexical level. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.

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Authors

  • R. Russo

  • E. Fox

  • L. Bellinger

  • D. P. Nguyen-Van-Tam

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