Morality in Three Social Theories: Parsons, Analytical Marxism and Habermas

  • Andersen H
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Abstract

The current growth in sociological works on morality is generating topical
fundamental metatheoretical and philosophical questions concerning the
relationship between sociological theory and ethics - descriptive and normative
ethics and meta ethics It is commonly accepted that sociological
theory can include descriptive ethics On the other hand, the relationship to
normative ethics and meta ethics has been very much disputed or ambiguous
The article analyses the position, of three representative and significant
theories concerning this question Parsons’ theories of social action and
social systems. Analytical Marxism and Habermas’s theory of communicative
action and his discourse ethics The basic point ot departure is that if
sociological theory and ethics are to maintain a stable position, it is imperativ e
to incorporate the double role of sociology as a spectator and a participator
in collective self-reflection and enlightenment in society.

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Authors

  • Heine Andersen

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