In the present study, the diversified morphologies of Si phase and La-rich phase in as-casted hypereutectic Al-Si-xLa alloys are presented and investigated. The morphological features were examined using conventional optical microscopy and SEM for observations conducted on the optical samples and deep-etched samples, respectively. The results show that primary Si crystals show several morphologies, such as feathery, star-shaped, faceted polygonal, platelet and so on. There are three types of fivefolded Si crystals existing in the present study, fivefold symmetry as radial growth alone: thin-branched, coarse-branched and well-defined star-shaped growing from the preferred growth from the tips of branches. The eutectic Si in unmodified Al-Si alloys appears only in fibrous morphology, while discrete and interconnected coral and rodlike eutectic Si particles were observed in alloys with the addition of La. The La-rich phase also grows into a variety of morphologies, such as needlelike, broken rodlike in pores, spherical, and flat platelet. In optical microscopy, La-rich phase is observed to envelope some small polygonal Si crystals. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
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