Motivating Effects of Task and Outcome Interdependence in Work Teams

  • Van der Vegt G
  • Emans B
  • Van de Vliert E
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Abstract

Motivation and performance theories in organizational psychology tend to have a predominantly individualistic scope, relating characteristics of individual tasks to personal work outcomes of individuals. The present study goes beyond the realm of individual job characteristics by examining the effects of 2 interpersonal characteristics: task and outcome interdependence of team members. Subscales for the measurement of these social job dimensions were developed. The results support the hypothesis that, in addition to the Job Characteristic Model variables, the interdependence dimensions influence the employees' sense of responsibility and personal work outcomes. More specifically, the interdependence dimensions influence experienced responsibility for others' work and thus account for a separate part of the variance in team members' personal work outcomes.

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