Motivation to change among residential treatment patients with an eating disorder: Assessment of the multidimensionality of motivation and its relation to treatment outcome

  • Delinsky S. S
  • Thomas J. J
  • St.
 et al. 
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Abstract

Objective: To examine the multidimensional nature of motivation to change in an adolescent sample in residential eating disorder (ED) treatment and relate it to outcome. Method: To determine whether different dimensions of motivation (benefits, burdens, and functional avoidance) are differentially associated with symptom severity and outcome, we assessed eating pathology and motivation to change in consecutively admitted female patients (n 5 67) with AN, BN, and EDNOS in a residential ED program with the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) and the Decisional Balance Scale (DB). Results: Pretreatment DB benefits and functional avoidance subscales were correlated with ED and comorbid psychopathology. Admission to discharge change in DB benefits-but not other measured dimensions of motivation was significantly associated with post-treatment EDE-Q global scores. Discussion: Our findings support that motivation to change is a multidimensional construct among ED patients. A reduction in perceived benefits of illness is associated with less severe post-treatment eating pathology.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Behavioral Changes
  • Body Mass Index
  • Coefficient Alpha
  • Eating Disorders -- Therapy
  • Female
  • Human
  • Interview Guides
  • Motivation
  • Multivariate Analysis of Variance
  • Pearson's Correlation Coefficient
  • Post Hoc Analysis
  • Prospective Studies
  • Quality of Life
  • Questionnaires
  • Residential Care
  • Scales
  • Severity of Illness
  • Structured Interview
  • Treatment Outcomes
  • United States
  • Young Adult

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Authors

  • Sherrie Delinsky S.

  • Jennifer Thomas J.

  • St.

  • Katherine Ellison Craigen

  • Thomas Weigel J.

  • Philip Levendusky G.

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