We retrospectively reviewed the MRI findings in 28 patients with an intramedullary spinal cord ependymoma who underwent surgical treatment. There were 26 tumours in the cervical and two in the thoracic spine. T1- and T2-weighted and contrast-enhanced images at 1.5 T were obtained in all cases. T1-weighted imaging showed solid tumour as isointense in 13 patients, high-signal in ten and low signal in five. In contrast, T2-weighted imaging showed all tumours as high signal. Contrast enhancement was heterogeneous 13 patients, homogeneous 10, heterogeneous with cyst wall enhancement in three, and a nodule on a cyst wall was seen in two. Cases with these latter patterns require careful differential diagnosis from astrocytoma or haemangioblastoma.
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