A multi-analytical methodology of lithic residue analysis applied to Paleolithic tools from Hummal, Syria

  • Monnier G
  • Hauck T
  • Feinberg J
 et al. 
  • 61


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 25


    Citations of this article.


Lithic residue analysis is traditionally based upon the morphological identification of microresidues preserved on the surfaces of stone tools. In order to improve the reliability of these identifications, we apply multiple techniques beyond morphological description to characterize the residues on stone tools from Hummal, Syria. We first document the residues using visible light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy, and then characterize them using energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared microscopy, and confocal Raman microscopy. Our analyses confirm that some of the residues are bitumen. X-ray diffraction analysis of associated sediments is used to identify the other residues. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Confocal Raman microscopy
  • Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy
  • Fourier transform infrared microscopy
  • Lithic residue analysis
  • Microscopy
  • Middle Paleolithic
  • Scanning electron microscopy
  • Syria
  • X-ray diffraction

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document


Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free