Skip to content
Journal article

A multilevel perspective on gender in classroom motivation and climate: Potential benefits of male teachers for boys?

Marsh H, Martin A, Cheng J ...see all

Journal of Educational Psychology, vol. 100, issue 1 (2008) pp. 78-95

  • 63

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 69

    Citations

    Citations of this article.
  • N/A

    Views

    ScienceDirect users who have downloaded this article.
Sign in to save reference

Abstract

Are boys better motivated by male than female teachers in high school math, science, and English classes, and can these differences be explained by classroom climate? Using a cross-classified multilevel model with 5 levels (school, teacher, class, student, subject), the authors found little or no support for this contention. In general (except in terms of anxiety and persistence), girls were better motivated than boys, and these differences tended to generalize over student age and school subject in classes taught by both male and female teachers. Student perceptions of classroom climate were more specific to the group of students within a particular class than to the teacher who taught the class and had moderate to large effects on the motivation of individual students. The surprisingly small amounts of variance explained in motivation by student gender and age, teacher gender, school subject, and their interactions support a gender invariance and similarities model but not theoretical predictions based on gender stereotype, gender intensification, and gender matching perspectives.

Author-supplied keywords

  • classroom climate
  • columnist ben
  • cross-classification
  • do boys fare better
  • in a
  • in classes taught by
  • male teachers
  • multilevel modeling with
  • recent article in the
  • student and teacher gender
  • student motivation
  • washington post newspaper

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Get full text

Authors

  • Herbert W Marsh

  • Andrew J. Martin

  • Jacqueline H. S. Cheng

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below