Journal article

A Multilevel Systems Model of Leadership

Kinicki A, Jacobson K, Galvin B, Prussia G ...see all

Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, vol. 18, issue 2 (2011) pp. 133-149

  • 9


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • N/A


    Citations of this article.
Sign in to save reference


This study uses a control theory to develop a multilevel systems model of leadership. The model outlines the processes that senior leaders can use to influence others across hierarchical levels of management and clarifies the mechanisms that link leadership across levels of management—goal cascading, alignment, and the bypass channel of communication. The authors discuss leadership behaviors needed to effectively influence others across a cybernetic process of leadership. Embedded within the multilevel systems model of leadership is a micro-level cybernetic model that focuses on the temporal process that leaders use to influence individuals in the pursuit of goal achievement.

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document


  • Angelo J. Kinicki

  • Kathryn J. L. Jacobson

  • Benjamin M. Galvin

  • Gregory E. Prussia

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free