Multiparameter immunophenotyping by flow cytometry in multiple myeloma: The diagnostic utility of defining ranges of normal antigenic expression in comparison to histology

  • Cannizzo E
  • Bellio E
  • Sohani A
 et al. 
  • 24


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 45


    Citations of this article.


BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have reported on the immunophenotype of plasma cells (PCs) in monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) and in plasma cell myeloma (PCM), but very few have examined the immunophenotype of normal PCs. In this study, an objective definition of normal range of expression for each antigen was found on normal control PCs. Using these new ranges of normal expression (new method) is different from using a static 20% of PCs cut-off for all antigens as described in the literature (traditional method). These newly calculated normal ranges for each antigen were applied to our data, and compared to histologic and immunohistochemical findings. METHODS: Bone marrow samples from 46 patients with PC neoplasms and 15 normal controls were studied. A minimum of 100 PC were analyzed for each patient and control sample. An 8-color staining method was applied to study the immunophenotype of PCs, using a BD FACSCanto II. RESULTS: By the new ranges of normality calculated in this study it was determined that different antigens have different level of expression on polyclonal PCs. CD19 correlated with histology by both the traditional and new methods, but had superior correlation by the new method. CONCLUSIONS: This report is the first 8-color immunophenotypic study of PCM in which a "range of normal expression" for each antigen is defined. This is a critical step to help distinguish between a normal and neoplastic PC immunophenotype and discern which antigens are of diagnostic importance.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Flow cytometry
  • Multiparameter flow cytometry
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Polyclonal plasma cells' immunophenotype
  • Ranges of normal antigenic expression

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Get full text


  • Elisa Cannizzo

  • Emanuele Bellio

  • Aliyah R. Sohani

  • Robert P. Hasserjian

  • Judith A. Ferry

  • Michelle E. Dorn

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free