Adolescent girls have high nutrient needs and are susceptible to micronutrient deficiencies. The objective of this study was to test the effect of a multiple-micronutrient-fortified beverage on hemoglobin (Hb) concentrations, micronutrient status, and growth among adolescent girls in rural Bangladesh. A total of 1125 girls (Hb$70 g/L) enrolled in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial and were allocated to either a fortified or nonfortified beverage of similar taste and appearance. The beverage was provided at schools 6 d/wk for 12 mo. Concentrations of Hb and serum ferritin (sFt), retinol, zinc, and C-reactive protein were measured in venous blood samples at baseline, 6 mo, and 12 mo. In addition, weight, height, and mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) measurements were taken. The fortified beverage increased the Hb and sFt and retinol concentrations at 6 mo (P,0.01). Adolescent girls in the nonfortified beverage group were more likely to suffer from anemia (Hb ,120 g/L), iron deficiency (sFt ,12 mg/L), and low serum retinol concentrations (serum retinol ,0.70 mmol/L) (OR ¼ 2.04, 5.38, and 5.47, respectively; P , 0.01). The fortified beverage group had greater increases in weight, MUAC, and BMI over 6 mo (P,0.01). Consuming the beverage for an additional 6 mo did not further improve the Hb concentration, but the sFt level continued to increase (P ¼ 0.01). The use of multiple-micronutrient-fortified beverage can contribute to the reduction of anemia and improvement of micronutrient status and growth in adolescent girls in rural Bangladesh.
Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research
Choose a citation style from the tabs below