Multi-scale surface texture to improve blue response of nanoporous black silicon solar cells

  • Toor F
  • Branz H
  • Page M
 et al. 
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Abstract

We characterize the optical and carrier-collection physics of multi-scale textured p-type black Si solar cells with conversion efficiency of 17.1%. The multi-scale texture is achieved by combining density-graded nanoporous layer made by metal-assisted etching with micron-scale pyramid texture. We found that (1) reducing the thickness of nanostructured Si layer improves the short-wavelength spectral response and (2) multi-scale texture permits thinning of the nanostructured layer while maintaining low surface reflection. We have reduced the nanostructured layer thickness by 60% while retaining a solar-spectrum-averaged black Si reflectance of less than 2%. Spectral response at 450 nm has improved from 57% to 71%. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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Authors

  • Fatima Toor

  • Howard M. Branz

  • Matthew R. Page

  • Kim M. Jones

  • Hao Chih Yuan

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