The human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) E7 oncoprotein shares structural and functional similarity with the adenovirus (Ad) E1A protein and the SV40 large tumor antigen (TAg), Like these other DNA tumor virus oncoproteins, HPV-16 E7 interacts with the "pocket proteins," a family of host cellular proteins that include the retinoblastoma tumor suppressor protein and can cooperate with the ras oncogene to transform primary rodent cells. Mutational analyses have indicated that amino acid sequences outside of the pRB binding region are also important for the cellular transformation property oi HPV-16 E7. These sequences include an amino terminal domain of the E7 protein that is similar to a portion of conserved region 1 of Ad E1A. In this study it is shown that the homologous amino acid sequences in Ad E1A and SV40 TAg are functionally interchangeable with the amino terminal HPV-16 E7 domain in transformation assays. Deletion analysis across the amino terminus of HPV-16 E7 indicated that the overall integrity of the entire CR1 homology domain is important for the biological activity oi the HPV E7 oncoprotein. (C) 1994 Academic Press, Inc.
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