Mycobacterium intracellulare pleurisy identified on liquid cultures of the pleural fluid and pleural biopsy

  • Lim J
  • O S
  • Lee K
 et al. 
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Pleural effusion is a rare complication in non-tuberculous mycobacterial infection. We report a case of Mycobacterium intracellulare pleuritis with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis in a 69-year-old man presenting with dyspnea. Pleural effusion revealed lymphocyte dominant exudate. M. intracellulare was identified using a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method and liquid cultures of pleural effusion and pleural biopsy. After combination therapy for M. intracellulare pulmonary disease, the patient was clinically well at a 1-month follow-up.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Mycobacterium avium complex
  • Mycobacterium infections, nontuberculous
  • Pleural effusion

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  • Jong Gu Lim

  • Sei Won O

  • Ki Dong Lee

  • Dong Keun Suk

  • Tae Young Jung

  • Tae Sun Shim

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