Myofascial trigger points of the pelvic floor: Associations with urological pain syndromes and treatment strategies including injection therapy

  • Moldwin R
  • Fariello J
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Abstract

Myofascial trigger points (MTrP), or muscle "contraction knots," of the pelvic floor may be identified in as many as 85 % of patients suffering from urological, colorectal and gynecological pelvic pain syndromes; and can be responsible for some, if not all, symptoms related to these syndromes. Identification and conservative treatment of MTrPs in these populations has often been associated with impressive clinical improvements. In refractory cases, more "aggressive" therapy with varied trigger point needling techniques, including dry needling, anesthetic injections, or onabotulinumtoxinA injections, may be used, in combination with conservative therapies.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Interstitial cystitis
  • Myofascial pain
  • Pelvic floor dysfunction
  • Pelvic pain
  • Trigger points

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Authors

  • Robert M. Moldwin

  • Jennifer Yonaitis Fariello

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