This paper examines the conventional tests used to determine the amount and process of chloride penetration into concrete. It is shown that chloride penetration into concrete is a time-dependent process involving physical processes and chemical interactions, and that chlorides penetrate not only in the direction of gravity i.e., depth, but also in a direction lateral to the depth. One dimensional models of chloride diffusion are thus inapplicable to concrete. A two-dimensional model for chloride diffusion is proposed.
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