Nanosphere based oral insulin delivery

  • Carino G
  • Jacob J
  • Mathiowitz E
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Abstract

Zinc insulin is successfully encapsulated in various polyester and polyanhydride nanosphere formulations using Phase Inversion Nanoencapsulation (PIN). The encapsulated insulin maintains its biological activity and is released from the nanospheres over a span of approximately 6 h. A specific formulation, 1.6% zinc insulin in poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) with fumaric anhydride oligimer and iron oxide additives has been shown to be active orally. This formulation is shown to have 11.4% of the efficacy of intraperitoneally delivered zinc insulin and is able to control plasma glucose levels when faced with a simultaneously administered glucose challenge. A number of properties of this formulation, including size, release kinetics, bioadhesiveness and ability to traverse the gastrointestinal epithelium, are likely to contribute to its oral efficacy. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Insulin
  • Nanosphere
  • Oral Delivery
  • Polyester

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