A nasal high-flow system prevents hypoxia in dental patients under intravenous sedation

  • Sago T
  • Harano N
  • Chogyoji Y
 et al. 
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Abstract

Purpose Hypoxia is a major complication in dental patients under intravenous sedation (IVS). A nasal high-flow (NHF) system has been reported to achieve effective oxygenation in patients with sleep apnea syndrome. This study investigated the ability of the NHF system to prevent hypoxia in dental patients under IVS. Materials and Methods Thirty patients scheduled for dental treatment under IVS were enrolled. Patients were randomly divided into 3 groups: patients spontaneously breathing oxygen at 5 L/minute through a nasal cannula (NC5 group), patients administered oxygen at 30 L/minute through the NHF system, and patients administered oxygen at 50 L/minute through the NHF system. Hypnosis was induced by bolus administration of midazolam (0.05 mg/kg) followed by continuous administration of propofol (target blood concentration, 1.2 to 2 μg/mL). Noninvasive blood pressure, peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2), heart rate, and bispectral index values were recorded every 2.5 minutes before the induction of anesthesia. Interventions, such as jaw lifting, were recorded during IVS and arterial blood gas analysis was performed at the end of sedation. Patient and surgeon satisfaction with IVS was evaluated by interview. Results Minimum SpO2 was lowest in and surgeons were least satisfied with the NC5 group. In addition, interventions were required most frequently in the NC5 group (P

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Authors

  • Teppei Sago

  • Nozomu Harano

  • Yuki Chogyoji

  • Masahito Nunomaki

  • Shunji Shiiba

  • Seiji Watanabe

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