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Taj S, Munawar A, Ullah Khan S ...see all

Proc . Pakistan Acad . Sci, vol. 44, issue 2 (2007) pp. 129-144

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See, stats, and : https : / / www . researchgate . net / publication / 228636811 Natural - reinforced Article CITATIONS 71 READS 1 , 632 3 , including : Munawar University 157 SEE All - text , letting . Available : Munawar Retrieved : 30 129 Saira Taj et al . Summary : Natural fi bers have been used to reinforce materials for over 3 , 000 years . More recently they have been employed in combination with plastics . Many types of natural fi bers have been inves - tigated for use in plastics including Flax , hemp , jute , straw , wood fi ber , rice husks , wheat , barley , oats , rye , cane (sugar and bamboo) , grass reeds , kenaf , ramie , oil palm empty fruit bunch , sisal , coir , water hyacinth , pennywort , kapok , paper - mulberry , raphia , banana fi ber , pineapple leaf fi ber and papyrus . Natural fi bers have the advantage that they are renewable resources and have marketing appeal . The Asian markets have been using natural fi bers for many years e . g . , jute is a common reinforcement in India . Natural fi bers are increasingly used in automotive and packaging materials . Pakistan is an agri - cultural country and it is the main stay of Pakistan ' s economy . Thousands of tons of different crops are produced but most of their wastes do not have any useful utilization . Agricultural wastes include wheat husk , rice husk , and their straw , hemp fi ber and shells of various dry fruits . These agricultural wastes can be used to prepare fi ber reinforced polymer composites for commercial use . This report examines the different types of fi bers available and the current status of research . Many references to the latest work on properties , processing and application have been cited in this review .

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  • Saira Taj

  • Ali Munawar

  • Shafi Ullah Khan

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