The Neolithic pottery of Abri Pendimoun (Castellar, France): a petro-archaeometric study

  • Basso E
  • Binder D
  • Messiga B
 et al. 
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Abstract

Middle and Late Neolithic ceramics from Abri Pendimoun (Castellar,
France) and their geological raw materials have been investigated
to characterize the ceramic bodies and to determine the possible
provenance of raw materials. Petrographic, mineralogical and energy-dispersive
spectrometry analyses were undertaken to define the compositional
parameters of sherds and to clarify the relationship between Square
Mouthed Pottery-phase I (VBQ I) and Chassey Culture. The ceramic
bodies were generally made from glauconite-rich layers and terra
rossa, unprocessed or mixed in variable proportions. Different kinds
of temper, such as carbonates and/or aplite fragments, were added
to the mixtures. Although most of the analysed ceramics were produced
locally, a few mixtures show the addition of exogenous rocks. Although
these ceramics could be interpreted as imported, we demonstrate that
local clayey materials were used at Abri Pendimoun. The hypothesis
that pottery was imported can therefore be ruled out. A small amount
of crushed calcite (5%) was added to some glauconitic pellet mixtures.
Pots made with this mixture are normally referred to the VBQ I. This
combination of mixture and shape indicates that there was an important
link between the VBQ I and Chassey Cultures. � The Geological Society
of London 2006.

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Authors

  • Elena Basso

  • Didier Binder

  • Bruno Messiga

  • Maria Pia Riccardi

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