Network Implementation of the Two-Component Pressure Approach for Transient Flow in Storm Sewers

  • Sanders B
  • Bradford S
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The two-component pressure approach (TPA) is an alternative to the Preissman slot method (PSM) for modeling highly transient sewer flow, including transitions between free-surface and pressurized conditions. TPAand PSM resolve intralink wave action by discretizing sewers with numerous elements and solving one-dimensional flow equations in contrast to link-node models, such as the popular storm water management model, which resolve only interlink wave action. Here, improvements of TPA are reported to support storm sewer network modeling. These include a source term discretization to preserve stationarity, a wetting and drying scheme, and a local time-stepping scheme to coordinate solution updates across many links and enable coupling to a two-dimensional overland flow model. A unique variant of the Harten, Lax and van Leer HLL Riemann solver is also introduced, and a boundary solver is developed to accommodate the wide range of possible flow regimes and transitions. The boundary solver is explicit to facilitate the extension of TPA to large networks and coupling with an overland flow model. Promising results are obtained in a varied set of test problems involving simple sewer networks.

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  • Brett F. Sanders

  • Scott F. Bradford

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