Neural systems controlling food intake and energy balance in the modern world.

  • Berthoud H
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Obesity continues to increase around the globe, and creates a major health problem because of its comorbidities such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Considering that the major cause of most human obesities is the modern lifestyle in a rapidly changing environment, this suggests that the battle is between brain areas controlling internal metabolic homeostasis and those dealing with cognitive and emotional processing of external information. Thus, this review is intended to bridge this apparent neural dichotomy and highlight possible ways of interactions between these homeostatic and nonhomeostatic systems.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Developed Countries
  • Diet
  • Energy Metabolism
  • Energy Metabolism: physiology
  • Food Preferences
  • Food Preferences: physiology
  • Homeostasis
  • Homeostasis: physiology
  • Humans
  • Hypothalamus, Middle
  • Hypothalamus, Middle: physiology
  • Models, Neurological
  • Neural Pathways
  • Neural Pathways: physiology
  • Obesity
  • Obesity: etiology
  • Obesity: physiopathology

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  • Hans-Rudolf Berthoud

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