Neurocognitive and social cognitive correlates of formal thought disorder in schizophrenia patients

  • Subotnik K
  • Nuechterlein K
  • Green M
 et al. 
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Abstract

The neurocognitive and social cognitive correlates of two types of
formal thought disorder (i.e., bizarre-idiosyncratic and concrete
thinking) were examined in 47 stable outpatients with schizophrenia.
Both types of thinking disturbance were related to impairments in
verbal learning, intrusions in verbal memory, immediate auditory
memory, sustained attention, and social schema knowledge. Distractibility
during an immediate memory task was associated with more frequent
bizarre verbalizations but not concreteness. Impaired verbal learning
rate and intrusions in verbal memory independently contributed to
the prediction of bizarre responses, whereas intrusions in verbal
memory and impaired immediate memory independently contributed to
concrete thinking. This pattern of findings is consistent with the
view that neurocognitive and, possibly, social cognitive deficits
underlie these two aspects of formal thinking disturbance in schizophrenia.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Adult; Attention; Brain/physiopathology; Brief Psy

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Authors

  • K L Subotnik

  • K H Nuechterlein

  • M F Green

  • W P Horan

  • T M Nienow

  • J Ventura

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