Neuropsychological subgroups of adolescents with conduct disorder

  • Närhi V
  • Lehto-Salo P
  • Ahonen T
 et al. 
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Abstract

In group-level studies adolescents with conduct disorder (CD) have been found to have deficiencies in verbal and executive functions. Teichner and Golden (2000) addressed the neuropsychological heterogeneity of CD, and hypothesized the existence of six neuropsychologically different subgroups. We used that theoretical basis to identify subgroups among 77 adolescents with CD and 48 controls. Among subjects with CD we identified subjects with no, diffuse, verbal and executive function deficits, but none with specific memory or visuo-spatial deficits. In total, neuropsychological deficits altogether were more common among subjects with CD relative to controls, as were specific verbal deficits. Subgroups did not differ in gender distribution, comorbidity of psychiatric disorders, type or severity of CD, or number of psychosocial risk factors. Among subjects with CD, learning disabilities were common. CD is neuropsychologically a heterogeneous disorder, and neuropsychological deficits should be taken into account in assessing and planning interventions for adolescents with CD.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Child custody
  • Cognitive impairment
  • Comorbidity
  • Learning disorders
  • Mental disorders
  • Neuropsychological assessment

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Authors

  • Vesa Närhi

  • Pirkko Lehto-Salo

  • Timo Ahonen

  • Mauri Marttunen

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