New parameters in identification of right ventricular myocardial infarction and proximal right coronary artery lesion

  • Ozdemir K
  • Altunkeser B
  • Icli A
 et al. 
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OBJECTIVE: The diagnosis of right ventricular myocardial infarction (RVMI) accompanied by acute inferior myocardial infarction (MI) is still a problem that we encounter. This study was designed to find out the usefulness both of peak myocardial systolic velocity (Sm) and of the myocardial performance index (MPI) of the right ventricle measured by pulsed-wave tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) in assessing right ventricular function. METHODS: Sixty patients who experienced a first acute inferior MI (mean [+/- SD] age, 57 +/- 9 years) were prospectively assessed. An ST-segment elevation of >or= 0.1 mV in V(4)-V(6)R lead derivations was defined as an RVMI. From the echocardiographic apical four-chamber view, the Sm, the peak early diastolic velocity, peak late diastolic velocity, the ejection time, the isovolumetric relaxation time, and the contraction time of the right ventricle were recorded at the level of the tricuspid annulus by using TDI. Then, the MPI was calculated. The patients were classified into the following three groups, according to the localization of the infarct-related artery (IRA) detected using coronary angiography: group I, proximal right coronary artery; group II, distal right coronary artery; and group III, circumflex coronary artery. RESULTS: RVMIs were detected in sixteen patients, and the IRA in 27 patients was the proximal right coronary artery. The right ventricular Sm was observed to be significantly low in patients with RVMIs and those in group I compared to those without RVMIs and those in groups II and III (10.9 +/- 1.3 vs 14.3 +/- 3.2 cm/s, respectively [p 0.70 in the diagnosis of RVMI were calculated as 94%, 80%, 97%, and 63%, respectively, and in the diagnosis of the proximal right coronary artery as the IRA, those values were 78%, 91%, 83%, and 88% respectively. CONCLUSIONS: An Sm 0.70 obtained by TDI may define RVMI concomitant with acute inferior MI, and the IRA. [Journal Article; In English; United States]

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  • Kurtulus Ozdemir

  • Bulent B Altunkeser

  • Abdullah Icli

  • Huseyin Ozdil

  • Hasan Gok

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