Non-cognitive symptoms and related conditions in the Alzheimer's disease: A literature review

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The Alzheimer's disease is considered a progressive cognitive disorder; however, several non-cognitive symptoms accompany all stages of the disease, appearing at times before the cognitive symptoms become manifest. This article reviews the literature on non-cognitive symptoms normally related to the Alzheimer's disease, including gait and balance dysfunction, olfactory dysfunction, diabetes, pain, and psychiatric symptoms. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Italia.

Author-supplied keywords

  • *Alzheimer disease/et [Etiology]
  • *cognition
  • *diabetes mellitus
  • *gait
  • *mental disease
  • *pain
  • agitation
  • amyloid beta protein/ec [Endogenous Compound]
  • amyloid precursor protein/ec [Endogenous Compound]
  • anxiety disorder
  • apathy
  • apolipoprotein E/ec [Endogenous Compound]
  • balance disorder
  • cognitive defect
  • delusion
  • depression
  • diabetes mellitus
  • disease association
  • euphoria
  • gait disorder
  • hallucination
  • human
  • hyperglycemia
  • insulin resistance
  • insulin/ec [Endogenous Compound]
  • irritability
  • neurofibrillary tangle
  • pain
  • review
  • senile plaque
  • smelling disorder
  • spinal cord lesion
  • suicide attempt
  • systematic review

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