We present nonlinear stochastic differential equations, generating processes with the q-exponential and q-Gaussian distributions of the observables, i.e. with the long-range power-law autocorrelations and 1/f^β power spectral density. Similarly, the Tsallis q-distributions may be obtained in the superstatistical framework as a superposition of different local dynamics at different time intervals. In such approach, the average of the stochastic variable is generated by the nonlinear stochastic process, while the local distribution of the signal is exponential or Gaussian one, conditioned by the slow average. Further we analyze relevance of the generalized and adapted equations for modeling the financial processes. We model the inter-trade durations, the trading activity and the normalized return using the superstatistical approaches with the exponential and normal distributions of the local signals driven by the nonlinear stochastic process.
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