Over recent years the popularity of time series has soared. As a consequence there has been a dramatic increase in the amount of interest in querying and mining such data. In particular, many new distance measures between time series have been introduced. In this paper we propose a new distance function based on derivatives and transforms of time series. In contrast to well-known measures from the literature, our approach combines three distances: DTW distance between time series, DTW distance between derivatives of time series, and DTW distance between transforms of time series. The new distance is used in classification with the nearest neighbor rule. In order to provide a comprehensive comparison, we conducted a set of experiments, testing effectiveness on 47 time series data sets from a wide variety of application domains. Our experiments show that this new method provides a significantly more accurate classification on the examined data sets. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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