A nonlinear acoustic technique for crack detection in metallic structures

  • Dutta D
  • Sohn H
  • Harries K
 et al. 
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Abstract

A crack detection technique based on nonlinear acoustics is investigated in this study. Acoustic waves at a chosen frequency are generated using an actuating lead zirconate titanate (PZT) transducer, and they travel through the target structure before being received by a sensing PZT wafer. Unlike an undamaged medium, a cracked medium exhibits high acoustic nonlinearity which is manifested as harmonics in the power spectrum of the received signal. Experimental results also indicate that the harmonic components increase nonlinearly in magnitude with increasing amplitude of the input signal. The proposed technique identifies the presence of cracks by looking at the two aforementioned features: harmonics and their nonlinear relationship to the input amplitude. The effectiveness of the technique has been tested on aluminum and steel specimens. The behavior of these nonlinear features as crack propagates in the steel beam has also been studied. Keywords nondestructive testing (NDT)  active sensing  nonlinear ac

Author-supplied keywords

  • Active sensing
  • Fatigue cracks
  • Harmonics
  • Nondestructive testing (NDT)
  • Nonlinear acoustics

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