online publish-ahead-of-print 3 November 2014 Aims The aim of this multicentre study was to determine the normal range and the clinical relevance of the myocardial function of the left atrium (LA) analysed by 2D speckle-tracking echocardiography (2DSTE). Methods and results We analysed 329 healthy adult subjects prospectively included in 10 centres and a validation group of 377 patients with left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD). LA myocardial function was analysed by LA strain rate peak during LA con-traction (LA-SRa) and LA strain peak during LA relaxation (LA-Strain). The range of values of LA myocardial function in healthy subjects was LA-SRa 22.11 + 0.61 s 21 and LA-Strain 45.5 + 11.4%, and the lowest expected values of these LA analyses (calculated as 21.96 SD from the mean of healthy subjects) were LA-SRa 20.91 s 21 and LA-Strain 23.1%. Concerning the clinical relevance of these LA myocardial analyses, LA-SRa and LA-Strain detected subtle LA dysfunction in patients with LVDD, even though LA volumetric measurements were normal. In addition, in these patients we found that the functional class (dyspnoea –NYHA classification) was inversely related to both LA-Strain and LA-SRa. Conclusion In the present multicentre study analysing a large cohort of healthy subjects and patients with LVDD, the normal range and the clinical relevance of the myocardial function of the LA using 2DSTE have been determined.
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