A Novel Cryoprotective Protein (CRP) with High Activity from the Ice-nucleating Bacterium, Pantoea agglomerans IFO12686

  • KODA N
  • ASAEDA T
  • YAMADE K
 et al. 
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Abstract

The ice-nucleating bacterium, Pantoea agglomerans IFO12686, induces the cryoprotective protein (CRP) by cold acclimation at 12 degrees C. The CRP was purified to apparent homogeneity by various chromatographies. We found that the purified CRP was a monomer of approximately 29,000 according to gel filtration chromatography and SDS-PAGE, and was a heat-stable protein. The CRP could protect freeze-labile enzymes, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and isocitrate dehydrogenase (iCDH), against freezing-thawing denaturation. The activity of the CRP was about 3.5 x 10(4) times more effective than bovine serum albumin (BSA) and 2 x 10(6) times than COR26 from the ice-nucleating bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens KUIN-1. We confirmed that the CRP was a novel protein, as judged by the a different molecule mass from the already-known cryoprotectants, and has an extremely high cryoprotective activity

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Authors

  • Noriko KODA

  • Toshiaki ASAEDA

  • Kazuhiro YAMADE

  • Hidehisa KAWAHARA

  • Hitoshi OBATA

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