Numerical study of two-stage horizontal spray dryers using computational fluid dynamics

  • Huang L
  • Mujumdar A
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Abstract

This article presents the findings of a numerical simulation model of the spray-drying process in a two-stage horizontal chamber design with the aid of a computational fluid dynamic (CFD) model. The model describes heat, mass, and momentum transfer between two phases; namely, a continuous gas phase and a discrete phase of droplets (or particles), using the finite volume method. In this study, a new two-dimensional horizontal spray dryer (HSD) geometry is considered as a pilot study into the spray-drying process in this novel chamber configuration. The tested model is able to predict some important features of the spray-drying process, such as air flow patterns indicating recirculation zones and particle trajectory plots. Some performance parameters for spray drying, such as the rate of evaporation, average volumetric heat and mass transfer rates, etc., are calculated and discussed. This two-stage drying process especially applicable for the horizontal spray dryer (HSD) model is investigated and modeled. The bottom wall of the HSD is assumed to be a shallow fluid bed used for second stage drying. In this article, the fluid bed drying conditions are changed and compared. The drying within the fluid bed itself is not modeled in this study, however. It is shown that the particle residence time is higher when the fluid bed is included. The drying performance of this two-stage horizontal spray dryer is expected to be better than that of a single-stage dryer.
This article presents the findings of a numerical simulation model of the spray-drying process in a two-stage horizontal chamber design with the aid of a computational fluid dynamic (CFD) model. The model describes heat, mass, and momentum transfer between two phases; namely, a continuous gas phase and a discrete phase of droplets (or particles), using the finite volume method. In this study, a new two-dimensional horizontal spray dryer (HSD) geometry is considered as a pilot study into the spray-drying process in this novel chamber configuration. The tested model is able to predict some important features of the spray-drying process, such as air flow patterns indicating recirculation zones and particle trajectory plots. Some performance parameters for spray drying, such as the rate of evaporation, average volumetric heat and mass transfer rates, etc., are calculated and discussed. This two-stage drying process especially applicable for the horizontal spray dryer (HSD) model is investigated and modeled. The bottom wall of the HSD is assumed to be a shallow fluid bed used for second stage drying. In this article, the fluid bed drying conditions are changed and compared. The drying within the fluid bed itself is not modeled in this study, however. It is shown that the particle residence time is higher when the fluid bed is included. The drying performance of this two-stage horizontal spray dryer is expected to be better than that of a single-stage dryer.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Air flow pattern
  • Heat and mass transfer
  • Horizontal spray dryer
  • Particle trajectories

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