OATP1B1 polymorphism as a determinant of erythromycin disposition

  • Lancaster C
  • Bruun G
  • Peer C
 et al. 
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Abstract

Previous studies have demonstrated that the pharmacokinetic profile of erythromycin, a probe for CYP3A4 activity, is affected by inhibitors or inducers of hepatic solute carriers. We hypothesized that these interactions are mediated by OATP1B1 (gene symbol, SLCO1B1), a polypeptide expressed on the basolateral surface of hepatocytes. Using stably transfected Flp-In T-Rex293 cells, erythromycin was found to be a substrate for OATP1B1*1A (wild type) with a Michaelis-Menten constant of ~13 µmol/l, and that its transport was reduced by ~50% in cells expressing OATP1B1*5 (V174A). Deficiency of the ortholog transporter Oatp1b2 in mice was associated with a 52% decrease in the metabolic rate of erythromycin (P = 0.000043). In line with these observations, in humans the c.521T>C variant in SLCO1B1 (rs4149056), encoding OATP1B1*5, was associated with a decline in erythromycin metabolism (P = 0.0072). These results suggest that impairment of OATP1B1 function can alter erythromycin metabolism, independent of changes in CYP3A4 activity.

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Authors

  • C. S. Lancaster

  • G. H. Bruun

  • C. J. Peer

  • T. S. Mikkelsen

  • T. J. Corydon

  • A. A. Gibson

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