Obesity and pregnancy: clinical management of the obese gravida

  • RP G
  • JH P
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Abstract

In recent years, the prevalence of obesity in the United States has risen dramatically, especially among women of reproductive age. Research that has specifically evaluated pregnancy outcomes among obese parturients has allowed for a better understanding of the myriad adverse perinatal complications that are observed with significantly greater frequency in the obese pregnant population. The antepartum, intrapartum, intraoperative, postoperative, and postpartum periods are all times in which the obese pregnant woman is at greater risk for adverse maternal-fetal outcomes, compared with her ideal bodyweight counterpart. Comorbid medical conditions that commonly are associated with obesity further accentuate perinatal risks. All obese pregnant women should be counseled regarding these risks, and strategies should be used to improve perinatal outcome whenever possible. Obese women of reproductive age ideally should be counseled before conception and advised to achieve ideal bodyweight before pregnancy. (137 references) (Author)

Author-supplied keywords

  • North America
  • Obesity
  • Preconception care
  • Pregnancy
  • United States of America
  • Weight loss (maternal)

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Authors

  • Gunatilake RP

  • Perlow JH

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