Obsessive–Compulsive Personality Disorder: a Current Review

  • Diedrich A
  • Voderholzer U
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Abstract

This review provides a current overview on the diagnostics, epidemiology, co-occurrences, aetiology and treatment of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD). The diagnostic criteria for OCPD according to the recently published Fifth Edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) include an official set of criteria for clinical practice and a new, alternative set of criteria for research purposes. OCPD is a personality disorder prevalent in the general population (3-8 %) that is more common in older and less educated individuals. Findings on sex distribution and course of OCPD are inconsistent. OCPD is comorbid with several other medical and psychological conditions. As for causes of OCPD, most empirical evidence provides support for disturbed attachment as well as the heritability of OCPD. So far, cognitive (behavioural) therapy is the best validated treatment of OCPD. Self-esteem variability, stronger early alliances as well as the distress level seem to predict cognitive (behavioural) therapy outcome. Future research is needed to further advance knowledge in OCPD and to resolve inconsistencies.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Aetiology
  • Co-occurrences
  • Course
  • Epidemiology
  • Fifth Edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
  • Obsessive–compulsive disorder
  • Obsessive–compulsive personality disorder
  • Treatment

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Authors

  • Alice Diedrich

  • Ulrich Voderholzer

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