Occupation of submerged aquatic vegetation by fishes - testing the roles of food and refuge

  • Shorrocks R
  • Sevenster J
  • Rodríguez-Zaragoza F
 et al. 
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Abstract

Astronotus ocellatus is one of the most hypoxia tolerant fish of the Amazon; adult animals can tolerate up to 6 h of anoxia at 28°C. Changes in energy metabolism during growth have been reported in many fish species and may reflect the way organisms deal with environmental constraints. We have analyzed enzyme levels (lactate dehydrogenase, LDH: EC 1.1.1.27; and malate dehydrogenase, MDH: EC 1.1.1.37) in four different tissues (white muscle, heart, liver, and brain) from different-sized animals. Both enzymes correlate with body size, increasing the anaerobic potential positively with growth. To our knowledge, this is the first description of scaling effects on hypoxia tolerance and it is interesting to explore the fact that hypoxia survivorship increases due to combining effects of suppressing metabolic rates and increasing anaerobic power as fish grow. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.

Author-supplied keywords

  • 1980
  • 2010
  • 2014
  • 5790
  • Abiotic
  • Abundance
  • Acclimation
  • Acropora spp
  • Adaptive radiation
  • Aerobic metabolism
  • Aerobic scope
  • Aggressiveness
  • Alpha
  • Alpha and beta diversity
  • Alpha diversity
  • Alternative stable states
  • Amazon
  • Amazon basin
  • Amazonia
  • Amazônia central
  • Amphibians
  • Amphipods
  • Animals
  • Anoplolepis gracilipes
  • Anostomidae
  • Anoxia
  • Antipredator behaviours
  • Ants
  • Aquatic macrophytes
  • Aquatic plants
  • Aquatic surface respiration
  • Araneae
  • Ardea herodias
  • Area effects
  • Arthropods
  • Artificial macrophyte
  • Artificial reef
  • Assemblage structure
  • Assembly
  • Assembly rules
  • Astronotus
  • Astronotus ocellatus
  • Avian
  • Backwaters
  • Bailey ecoregions
  • Bathymetry
  • Bayesian inference
  • Bayesian model comparison
  • Behavioural interactions
  • Belize
  • Belo Monte
  • Benthic invertebrates
  • Beta
  • Beta diversity
  • Beta-diversity
  • Biodiversity
  • Biodiversity conservation
  • Biogeography
  • Biotic homogenization
  • Biotic interactions
  • Blackwater streams
  • Boundaries
  • Brazil
  • Brazil Forest Code
  • Brazilian "Cerrado"
  • Breeding Bird Survey
  • CO2and CH4emission
  • CWM analysis
  • Canada
  • Canonical analysis
  • Canonical correspondence analysis
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Carex riparia
  • Caribbean Sea
  • Caridean shrimp
  • Catfishes
  • Catfishes: physiology
  • Caves
  • Channelization
  • Characiformes
  • Chironomidae
  • Choice
  • Cichlid
  • Cichlidae
  • Cichlids
  • Cladocera
  • Cladophora glomerata
  • Clearwater streams
  • Clethrionomys gapperi
  • Climate change
  • Cloud forest
  • Coarse woody habitat
  • Cobble
  • Coexistence
  • Communities
  • Community
  • Community assembly
  • Community composition
  • Community ecology
  • Community isolation
  • Community recovery
  • Community size
  • Community structure
  • Competition
  • Competitive exclusion
  • Complexity
  • Composition
  • Connectance
  • Conservation
  • Conservation evaluation
  • Consumption rate
  • Contaminants
  • Copepoda
  • Coral habitat availability
  • Coral morphology
  • Coral reef
  • Coral reef fish
  • Coral reefs
  • Coral trout
  • Correlated residuals
  • Código Forestal de Brasil
  • Daily pattern
  • Darters
  • Decision theory
  • Decomposition
  • Deepwater fish
  • Degradation
  • Density
  • Density dependent
  • Depth distributions
  • Depth refuge
  • Dermal lip protuberances
  • Determinants of plant community diversity and stru
  • Deviance information criterion
  • Diel horizontal migration
  • Diel patterns
  • Diel vertical migration
  • Diet
  • Discovery-dominance trade-off
  • Dispersal
  • Dispersal limitation
  • Dissolved oxygen
  • Distance decay of similarity
  • Disturbances
  • Diversity
  • Diversity partitioning
  • East Africa
  • East basin
  • Ecological boundary
  • Ecological drift
  • Ecological hypotheses
  • Ecological range size
  • Ecosystem
  • Ecosystem conservation
  • Ecosystem rehabilitation
  • Ecotone
  • Ecotones
  • Ecuador
  • Edge detection
  • Effect size
  • Effective number of parameters
  • Egeria najas
  • Eichhornia
  • Eichhornia azurea
  • Eichhornia crassipes
  • Eichornia spp
  • Electric Conductivity
  • Elevational gradient
  • Endemic species
  • Energetics
  • Environmental control
  • Environmental filtering
  • Environmental gradients
  • Environmental heterogeneity
  • Enzyme scaling
  • Equalizing mechanisms
  • Erythrinidae
  • Erythrynidae
  • Escape
  • Esox lucius
  • Estuary
  • Eucalyptus
  • Europe
  • Evolutionary relatedness
  • Exotic species
  • Experimental artifact
  • Extended drought
  • Feeding
  • Feeding habits
  • Fish
  • Fish adaptations
  • Fish behaviour
  • Fish communities
  • Fish community
  • Fish ecology
  • Fish groups
  • Fish habitat
  • Fish habitat use
  • Fish predation
  • Fish-habitat relationships
  • Fish-macrophytes relationship
  • FishBase
  • Fisheries
  • Fishes
  • Fishes: classification
  • Fishway
  • Floating-leaved macrophyte
  • Floodplain
  • Floodplain lagoons
  • Floodplains
  • Fluorescence
  • Food partitioning
  • Food resource partitioning
  • Food resources
  • Food sources
  • Food webs
  • Foraging behaviour
  • Foraging efficiency
  • Formicidae
  • Fractal dimension
  • Free-floating plants
  • French Guiana
  • Freshwater fish communities
  • Frogs
  • Functional beta diversity
  • Functional composition
  • Functional diversity
  • Functional ecology
  • Functional response
  • Functional role
  • Functional traits
  • GIS
  • Gamma
  • Gene expression
  • Generalist predators
  • Gill ventilation
  • Global avifauna
  • Gobiodon spp
  • Goby
  • Gradient analysis
  • Great Barrier Reef
  • Growth rate
  • Gulf of California
  • Habitat
  • Habitat complexity
  • Habitat diversity
  • Habitat filtering
  • Habitat fltering
  • Habitat modification
  • Habitat patch
  • Habitat refugia
  • Habitat structure
  • Habitat use
  • Habitat use patterns
  • Haplochromine cichlids
  • Haplochromines
  • Harpacticoid copepods
  • Height
  • Herbivory
  • Heterogeneity
  • Hierarchical design
  • Hierarchical models
  • Hoplerythrinus
  • Hoplias aff. malabaricus
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Hydrologic connectivity
  • Hydrology
  • Hyperthermia
  • Hypoxia
  • Hypoxia survivorship
  • IBI
  • Ichthyofauna
  • IndVal
  • Indirect effects
  • Individual variation
  • Information theory
  • Interaction strengths
  • Interspecific interaction
  • Interstices
  • Intertidal
  • Intra-/interspecific interactions
  • Intraspecific aggregation
  • Intraspecific relationship
  • Invasion resistance
  • Invasive ants
  • Invasive species
  • Isla Isabel
  • Island biogeography
  • Isolation
  • Juvenile fish
  • K E Y W O R D S Atlantic Forest
  • Key-words
  • LDH-A
  • La Plata River basins
  • Lagoons
  • Lake Victoria
  • Lampetra tridentata
  • Landscape ecology
  • Larval behaviour
  • Lates
  • Leaf production
  • Leaf size
  • Lemna
  • Leverage
  • Life-history traits
  • Light intensity
  • Littoral
  • Littoral zone
  • Lmax
  • Local adaptation
  • Local and regional diversity
  • Local assemblages
  • Loricariidae
  • Lotka-Volterra systems
  • Macaronesia
  • Macroecology
  • Macrofauna
  • Macrophyte
  • Macrophyte survey
  • Macrophytes
  • Magdalena
  • Management
  • Mangrove forest
  • Mantel test
  • Mantel's test
  • Marine reserves
  • Markov chain Monte Carlo methods
  • Mass effects
  • MesoAmerican Reef System (MAR)
  • Mesopredator
  • Metabolic depression
  • Metabolic rate
  • Metabolism
  • Metacommunity
  • Metacommunity paradigms
  • Meteorological Concepts
  • Methane
  • Mexico
  • Microhabitat
  • Micropterus dolomieu
  • Microtus spp
  • Migration
  • Migratory fish
  • Model dimension
  • Modelling
  • Monitoring
  • Moran eigenvector maps
  • Morphology
  • Multiple predators
  • Multiple regression
  • Multiple regression on distance matrices
  • Multiple stable equilibria
  • Neotropical fishes
  • Neotropics
  • Nested sampling
  • Nestedness
  • Neutral
  • Neutral model
  • Neutral theory
  • New
  • New Zealand
  • Niche
  • Niche breadth
  • Niche conservatism
  • Niche partitioning
  • Niche theory
  • Niche-based community assembly
  • Non-additive
  • Null hypothesis
  • Null model
  • Nuphar luteum
  • Nutrient
  • Nutrients
  • Occupancy
  • Ocean deoxygenation
  • Ontario
  • Ontogeny
  • Optimality models
  • Ordination
  • Orinoco
  • Ostracoda
  • Oxbow lake
  • Oxygen consumption
  • Oxygen uptake
  • Oxygen-limited zone
  • Oxygen-minimum zone
  • Ozarks
  • Panama
  • Pantanal
  • Paraguay
  • Paraná
  • Paraná River
  • Paraná River Basin
  • Paraná river basin
  • Passage efficiency
  • Patch dynamics
  • Patos Lagoon
  • Perca fluviatilus
  • Periphyton
  • Permanent resident piscivorous fish
  • Phenotype
  • Photosynthesis
  • Phragmites australis
  • Phylogenetic signal
  • Phylogenetic structure
  • Piscivores
  • Piscivory
  • Plant strategies
  • Plant-animal interactions
  • Plasticity
  • Ponds
  • Population Density
  • Population Dynamics
  • Predation
  • Predation pressure
  • Predation refuge
  • Predation risk
  • Predator avoidance
  • Predator-prey
  • Predator-prey interaction
  • Predator-prey interactions
  • Predator-prey relationships
  • Predatory fishes
  • Predictions
  • Predictive ecology
  • Prescribed fire
  • Prey characteristics
  • Prey habitat choice
  • Prey morphology
  • Prey size
  • Priority effects
  • Probability of interspecific encounter
  • Productivity
  • Pterois volitans/miles
  • RDA partitioning
  • RT-PCR
  • Randomization
  • Rarefaction
  • Redundancy Analysis
  • Reef architecture
  • Reef fish
  • Reef fishes
  • Refuge
  • Refuge effect
  • Regional and local richness
  • Regional species pool
  • Relief
  • Reserve design
  • Reservoir
  • Resource use and availability
  • Respiration
  • Respiratory adaptation
  • Respiratory requirement
  • Restinga forest
  • Restoration
  • Restoration assessment
  • Restoration ecology
  • Rheophilic
  • Richness differences
  • Richness gradient
  • Riparian forest
  • Riparian zones
  • Risk-enhancement
  • River
  • Rivers
  • Rocky reef
  • Rocky shore
  • Rotifera
  • Rutilus rutilus
  • Salinity
  • Salvinia natans
  • Scale transition
  • Scarabaeinae
  • Schooling
  • Scleractinian corals
  • Seagrass
  • Seagrass meadow
  • Seahorse
  • Seasons
  • Secondary sympatry
  • Sediment
  • Seed size
  • Selective predation
  • Serpentine
  • Shade
  • Shelter
  • Similarity indices
  • Size spectra
  • Size structure
  • Size-grain hypothesis
  • Social hierarchy
  • Softwater ecosystems
  • South India
  • Southern Africa
  • Space-time interaction
  • Spatial autocorrelation
  • Spatial pattern
  • Spatial patterns
  • Spatial scale
  • Spatial turnover
  • Spatial variation
  • Speciation
  • Species abundance distribution
  • Species abundances
  • Species composition
  • Species covariance
  • Species interactions
  • Species loss
  • Species pool
  • Species replacement
  • Species richness
  • Species saturation
  • Species sorting
  • Species traits
  • Species turnover
  • Species-accumulation
  • Species-accumulation curve
  • Species-area effect
  • Species-energy relationship
  • Species/genus ratios
  • Specific leaf area
  • Spiders
  • St. John
  • St. Thomas
  • Stabilizing mechanisms
  • Stable isotopes
  • Stomach contents analysis
  • Stress
  • Stress factors
  • Structural complexity
  • Structure
  • Substrate choice
  • Subtropical lake
  • Taxonomic resolution
  • Temperate oak-hickory forest
  • Temperate zone
  • Temperature
  • Temporal scale
  • Tidepool fishes
  • Timber floating
  • Topography
  • Trait-based analysis
  • Transient
  • Trapa natans L.
  • Trophic cascades
  • Trophic interactions
  • Trophic segregation
  • Tropical birds
  • Tropical floodplain
  • Tropical reservoir
  • Tropical wet evergreen tree communities
  • Tropical wet forest.
  • Tropics
  • Turnover
  • Turnover rate
  • Type II functional response
  • U.S. Virgin Islands
  • Uruguay
  • Variability
  • Variance partitioning
  • Variation partitioning
  • Vegetation analysis
  • Venezuela
  • Walleye
  • Water Movements
  • Wave exposure
  • Whole-lake experiment
  • Within-patch scale structure
  • Wood density
  • Yasuni Forest Dynamics Plot
  • Yucatan Peninsula
  • Zealand
  • Zostera marina
  • abiotic factors
  • abstract
  • abundance
  • acari
  • accepted 26 november 2013
  • active dispersal
  • adult relationships
  • aequidens coeruleo-
  • aerial respiration
  • air breathing
  • algae
  • ambientes fluviais da planície
  • an example is the
  • and the relative importance
  • aquatic entomofauna
  • aquatic invertebrate
  • aquatic macrophytes
  • aquatic plant
  • aquatic plants
  • aquatic surface respiration
  • are often examined through
  • are rationalized inappropriately
  • area
  • artificial habitat
  • artificial substrates
  • assemblages
  • asymptotic richness
  • ator
  • av
  • b
  • baited remote underwater video
  • based
  • baselga
  • bayesian inference
  • be vast
  • benthic
  • benthic invertebrates
  • benthos
  • beta diversity
  • beyond what the results
  • biodiversity
  • biodiversity patterns
  • biogeographic provinces
  • biogeography
  • biological integrity
  • biomass
  • biomes
  • biotic filters
  • biotic homogenisation
  • birds
  • british columbia
  • broad-
  • brook stickleback
  • c
  • camera
  • can
  • canada
  • cancer
  • caridean shrimps
  • change point
  • channel
  • channelization
  • chemical
  • cies richness
  • clementsian gradients
  • climate change
  • climiiatic change
  • clustering
  • coastal wetlands
  • college of
  • colombo
  • colonization
  • colorado slate
  • com
  • communities
  • community
  • community composition
  • community ecology
  • community saturation
  • community structure
  • competition
  • complexity
  • compositional differences
  • compostion
  • concept
  • coniferous forests
  • connection
  • connectivity
  • conservation
  • context
  • cooccurrence
  • copella
  • coral reef
  • correspondence
  • corresponding author
  • corresponding editor
  • cost offoraging
  • cost-efficiency
  • cristtoigmuohio
  • critical swimming velocity
  • culaea inconstans
  • cut off channels
  • d
  • dams
  • danish institute for fisheries
  • daphnia
  • de almeida
  • de inundação do alto
  • de reservatórios
  • deforestation
  • density dependence
  • dental sciences and research
  • dentistry
  • department of fishery and
  • department of public health
  • desfase temporal
  • deuda de extinción
  • diatoms
  • dispersal
  • dispersal limitation
  • dispersal mode
  • distribution
  • distribution pattern
  • disturbance
  • diversity
  • diversity models
  • diversity relationships
  • diversity-complexity relationship
  • dr
  • drainage basin
  • drought
  • drritupcd
  • dry
  • duckling
  • dynamic
  • dynamics
  • e temporais e influência
  • e-mail
  • east africa
  • eco-engineering
  • ecological
  • ecological indices
  • ecomorfología
  • ecomorphology
  • ecotone
  • ecotones
  • edij
  • efeitos do regime hidrológico
  • eichhornia azurea
  • elevation patterns
  • em amplas escalas espaciais
  • email
  • emergence
  • environment
  • environmental conditions
  • environmental filters
  • environmental heterogeneity
  • epidemiology
  • evenness
  • evolution
  • extinction
  • extinction debt
  • february
  • feeding
  • feeding damage
  • final version received 5
  • fire
  • fish
  • fish assemblage
  • fish communities
  • fish diversity
  • fish predation
  • fish traps
  • fishes
  • flood
  • flood regime
  • flooding
  • floodplain
  • floodplain lake
  • floods
  • florida
  • foraging
  • foraging behavior
  • foraging success
  • forest management
  • forestry management
  • freshwater fi sh
  • freshwater fish
  • functional diversity
  • functional equivalence
  • functional feeding
  • functional feeding group
  • functional structure
  • functional traits
  • future
  • generalized linear models
  • genetic
  • genetic diversity
  • gill ventilation
  • globocan
  • gmail
  • gradients
  • great lakes
  • green-tree retention
  • groundwater
  • groups
  • growth
  • gulf of mexico
  • habitat
  • habitat complexity
  • habitat diversity
  • habitat filtering
  • habitat hetero-geneity
  • habitat heterogeneity
  • habitat selection
  • habitat structure
  • habitat use
  • handling times
  • haplochromine cichlids
  • have similarly
  • hevea brasiliensis
  • hierarchical modeling
  • hierarchical models
  • high densities of
  • homogeneous expanses of mud
  • how
  • hudson river
  • hydrological cycle
  • hyphessobrycon pulchripinnis
  • hypothesis
  • hypoxia
  • ichthyofauna
  • impacts
  • in situ observations
  • india- 201204
  • indices
  • indirect effe
  • inferred that the characteristically
  • infrastructure
  • initial development
  • integrity
  • intensity
  • intermediate
  • introduced species
  • inundação do alto rio
  • invasion
  • is evaluated by operations
  • island
  • j
  • keystone pred-
  • l
  • lago Camaleão
  • lake
  • largemouth
  • larity coefficients
  • latent variable model
  • laurentian great lakes
  • learning
  • lene jacobsen
  • lentic environment
  • lepomis
  • life history
  • light
  • limitation
  • limnologia na planície de
  • limnological gradients
  • littoral
  • local richness
  • local scale
  • local vs
  • lucius
  • macrophyte
  • macrophyte architecture
  • macrophytes
  • macrófitas aquáticas
  • mainland
  • mammals
  • mantel
  • many problems we see
  • marine macroinvertebrates
  • marine reserve
  • marsh
  • mass effects
  • matter
  • mechanistic niche modeling
  • meiofauna
  • metacommunity
  • metacommunity structure
  • metapopulation dynamics
  • michigan
  • microcrustacea
  • microp-
  • model
  • modelling
  • modinagar
  • morpho-functional groups
  • morphological
  • morphology
  • mortality
  • multivariate analysis
  • natans
  • native vs
  • natu-
  • neotropical
  • nestedness
  • nestedness resultant dissimilarity
  • neutral
  • new zealand
  • nile perch
  • northern pike
  • nrd
  • null hypothesis
  • null models
  • nutrient
  • nutrients
  • oceanic islands
  • oexistence theory
  • of these ecological phenomena
  • old-growth forest
  • on presence-absence data
  • ontario
  • open populations
  • optimal-foraging theory
  • or sand
  • oral cavity
  • ordination analysis
  • osteichthyes
  • osteoglossum bicirrhosum
  • overdispersion
  • oxygen dynamics
  • oxygen-content
  • p
  • padrões
  • pairwise comparisons of sites
  • panama
  • paraguay river
  • parana river
  • paraná
  • passive dispersal
  • patch dynamic
  • patch size
  • patterns
  • peixes
  • perca fhvjafilis
  • peters
  • phenoplasticity
  • phylogenetic community structure
  • physical and chemical gradients
  • physicochemical
  • phytophilous macroinvertebrates
  • pinus contorta
  • piscivory
  • plant
  • plasticity
  • population
  • power analysis
  • predation
  • predation pressure
  • predator-prey
  • predator/prey interactions
  • prediction
  • predictive power
  • presence-absence data
  • present address
  • prevalence
  • prey encounter rates
  • prey fish
  • prey selection
  • priority effects
  • procedure recently proposed by
  • productivity
  • protected zones
  • pseudotsuga menziesii
  • pterophyllum
  • published 27 february 2014
  • punctatus
  • punto de cambio
  • ral selection
  • randomization tests
  • rate
  • reach scale
  • received 10 october 2013
  • recruit
  • recruitment
  • recruitment limitation
  • reef fish
  • refuge
  • refugia
  • regeneration
  • regional
  • regional correlates of local
  • regional richness
  • regions
  • regulation
  • relationship
  • relative fitness differences
  • reproduction
  • research
  • reservoir
  • resilience
  • resource use
  • respiracao
  • retrofitting biodiversity
  • revised 25 november 2013
  • richness
  • richness difference
  • richness differences control
  • rio paraná
  • ritu gupta
  • river
  • rivers
  • rivulus hartii
  • rock pool
  • rock pools
  • rockfish
  • rocky reef
  • rotifera
  • rutilus rurilus
  • s test
  • scale
  • scope for growth
  • seafloor management
  • seagrass meadows
  • seasonality
  • sebastes
  • sediment
  • seed trees
  • senior lecturer
  • sensitivity
  • sh á microhabitat complexity
  • shell debris
  • silvicultural systems
  • simulation modeling
  • size
  • small
  • small-scale
  • sobre a ictiofauna de
  • soft sediments
  • sox
  • space-size heterogeneity
  • spatial scale
  • spatial variation
  • spe-
  • species
  • species abundance
  • species abundance distributions (SADs)
  • species coexistence
  • species community
  • species distribution model
  • species distributions
  • species diversity
  • species interaction
  • species interection
  • species occurrence
  • species pool
  • species presence/absence
  • species replacement
  • species replacement and nestedness
  • species richness
  • species richness and diversity
  • species sorting
  • species time rela-
  • species turnover
  • species-area relationship
  • species-energy relationship
  • stabilizing niche differences
  • stand structure
  • statistical modeling
  • statistical tests
  • stem from
  • stoner 1979a
  • strategy
  • stream habitat instead of physical habitat
  • stream-fish communities
  • streams
  • streams and
  • stress
  • structural complexity
  • submerged macrophytes
  • submerged vegetation
  • substrate
  • substratum roughness
  • subtidal algal and invertebrate
  • succession
  • temperature
  • temporal and spatial variation
  • temporary pools
  • terra firme streams
  • terus salmoides
  • thalassia
  • theory
  • thresholds
  • time lag
  • tionship
  • to define
  • today in ecological research
  • trait
  • trapa
  • tree
  • trophic level
  • turnover
  • underwater visual census
  • upper paraná
  • urbanization
  • usa
  • uttar pradesh
  • v
  • vallisneria americana
  • variation
  • varzea lagoon
  • veg-
  • vegetative
  • ventilacao
  • vertical colonization
  • victoria basin
  • virginia
  • voles
  • water
  • water transparency
  • western boreal forest
  • wetlands
  • wetstone 1977
  • wildlife biology
  • with dissimi-
  • zero inflation
  • zooplankton
  • á

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Authors

  • R Shorrocks

  • J G Sevenster

  • Fabián Alejandro Rodríguez-Zaragoza

  • Amílcar L. Cupul-Magaña

  • Cristian M. Galván-Villa

  • Eduardo Ríos-Jara

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