Ocular complications after antivascular endothelial growth factor therapy in medicare patients with age-related macular degeneration

  • Day S
  • Acquah K
  • Mruthyunjaya P
 et al. 
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Purpose: To determine longitudinal rates of ocular complications after antivascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) treatment for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in a nationally representative longitudinal sample. Design: Retrospective, longitudinal case-control study. Methods: Using the Medicare 5% claims database, diagnoses of neovascular AMD and anti-VEGF injections of ranibizumab, bevacizumab, or pegaptanib were identified from International Classification of Diseases and Current Procedural Terminology procedure codes. Six thousand one hundred fifty-four individuals undergoing anti-VEGF treatment for neovascular AMD (total of 40 903 injections) were compared with 6154 matched controls with neovascular AMD who did not undergo anti-VEGF treatment. Propensity score matching was used to match individuals receiving anti-VEGF injections with controls. Rates of postinjection adverse outcomes (endophthalmitis, rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, retinal tear, uveitis, and vitreous hemorrhage) were analyzed by cumulative incidence and Cox proportional hazards model to control for demographic factors and ocular comorbidities. Results: At the 2-year follow-up, the rates of endophthalmitis per injection (0.09%; P

Author-supplied keywords

  • age related macular degeneration
  • aged
  • bevacizumab
  • case control study
  • comorbidity
  • controlled study
  • data base
  • endophthalmitis
  • female
  • follow up
  • human
  • incidence
  • longitudinal study
  • major clinical study
  • male
  • medicare
  • neovascularization (pathology)
  • pegaptanib
  • priority journal
  • propensity score
  • proportional hazards model
  • ranibizumab
  • retina detachment
  • retina tear
  • retrospective study
  • review
  • uveitis
  • vitreous hemorrhage

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  • S Day

  • K Acquah

  • P Mruthyunjaya

  • D S Grossman

  • P P Lee

  • F A Sloan

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